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Diseases of the Cornea

Cornea Disease Detection

Eye With Pterygium

Eye With Pterygium

The cornea is a thin, clear, spherical layer of tissue on the surface of the eye that provides a window for light to pass through. In a healthy eye the cornea bends or refracts light rays so they focus precisely on the retina in the back of the eye.

There are many diseases that can affect the cornea, causing pain, or loss of vision. Disease, infection, or injury can cause the cornea to swell (called “edema”) or degrade (become cloudy and reduce vision).

Common diseases and disorders that affect the cornea include:

  • Allergies
  • Bullous Keratopathy
  • Conjunctivitis (“Pink Eye”)
  • Dry Eye
  • Corneal Dystrophies
  • Glaucoma (High Eye Pressure)
  • Infections
  • Keratitis (Viral Inflammation)
  • Keratoconus
  • Ocular Herpes
  • Pterygium
  • Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Treatment for corneal disease can take many forms, depending on the underlying problem as well as the patient’s preferences. Some conditions resolve on their own and many can be treated with medication. If the cornea is severely damaged, or if there is a risk of blindness, a corneal transplant may be recommended to preserve vision. Eye Florida has the latest testing instruments to evaluate cornea conditions include the Corneal Topography.

For more information about Cornea Diseases, please contact our office at 407-891-2010.